Malnutrition is a state in which a deficiency, see excess or imbalance of energy, protein and other nutrients causes measurable adverse effects on tissue/body form (body shape, size and composition), function or clinical outcome. Although the term ‘malnutrition’ can encompass both overnutrition/obesity and undernutrition, for the remainder of this document the term is only used to mean undernutrition.
An adulterant is a chemical substance which should not be contained within other substances (e.g. food, beverages, fuels) for legal or other reasons. The addition of adulterants is called adulteration. The word is only appropriate when the additions are unwanted by the recipient, otherwise the expression would be food additive. Food adulteration includes addition of colors, animal fats and various organic and inorganic chemicals.
IAPEN quality group is planning to develop a toolkit for monitoring the nutritional intake of children orphanages and senior citizens in old age homes. The nutrition quality group members will visit orphanages and old age homes for conducting special training programs. After training, the members will be given username and password for submitting weekly/monthly menus or food habits for expert opinion. IAPEN will also issue certification to the orphanages/old age homes after verification.